In order to control the farming and hunting, people had to work together. To make sure that everything was being done right, and at the right timing, the Egyptians had pharaohs. The Pharaoh is considered to be very godlike. The word pharaoh means “great house”. This is because they lived in great houses or palaces. The Egyptians believed the pharaoh was the Son of Re. This was a god, who had special powers that others lacked. Because of this, pharaohs had total control, and people did whatever they said.
The title pharaoh was inherited. This meant that it was passed down from generation to generation. If the pharaoh died, his oldest son became the next pharaoh. If there were no sons, another relative became ruler.
Pharaohs were usually men, but they did not have to be. The first female pharaoh was named Hatshepsut. She wore fake beards just like male pharaohs wore.
Tutankhamun is also known as King Tut. He became a pharaoh at the age of eight. He died by the time he was eighteen, and never fought in a battle or made any wise decisions. He is famous only because his tomb was so well hidden that it was never robbed. His tomb was discovered in 1922, under the tomb of another pharaoh. It had many rooms that were all full of treasure.
Watch the video, and pay close attention. What are the three possible ways that King Tut died? After closely investigating his body, how do scientists believe he died?
To explore King Tut's tomb, click here. Read about King Tut, click continue, then chose Tut's tomb. What did you learn about the Burial Chamber, the Treasury, the Annexe, and the Antechamber?