THE NEW ENGLAND COLONIES
Quick Founding Facts!
Welcome to the New England Colonies!
Quick Founding Facts!
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Connecticut
Rhode Island

Massachusetts

Colony: Plymouth

Founder: William Bradford

Founding Year: 1620

Reason for Founding: Religious freedom for Separatists

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Colony: Massachusetts Bay

Founder: John Winthrop

Founding Year: 1630

Reason for Founding: Religious freedom for Puritans

 

Life in New England
Life in New England
The people of the New England villages were very close. The colonists were united by the same religion. Many of the villagers spent Sunday's together in the Puritan Church, and the Puritan children spent time together learning to read the Bible.

Small farms and villages were typical of the New England Colonies. Most of the villages looked very similar: they had a common where livestock grazed and along the edges of the common were the houses, the shops, and a school. The farms were located just outside of town. The farmers had to work hard because New England's cold winters made farming difficult.

The farmers could not grow wheat, so instead they planted rye, corn, pumpkins, squash, beans, peas, carrots, and turnips. New England farmers also kept sheep, pigs, cows, and chickens. Every member of the family had to help with the work. There is a lot to be done on a farm.

In the New England towns along the coast, these colonists made their living fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding. The fishermen would catch the fish to be eaten, but they also spent time preparing the fish so it could be shipped to other places.

The whalers hunted whales instead of fish because whale oil was a valuable resource. Whale oil could be used in lamps. As the whalers began searching for whales farther from home, the shipbuilding industry grew. The whalers needed the ships to go on their long journeys. Also, Europeans began to buy these ships.

New England grew as a trading town and the cities along the coast grew as well. Life in these cites was very different from the "city life" that we know today. The streets were narrow dusty roads. Pigs and cows wandered through the streets. And candles were used to light their houses.

New Hampshire

Founder: John Mason

Founding Year: 1630

Reason for Founding: Escape for those constricted by religious and economic rules

Rhode Island

Founder: Roger Williams

Founding Year: 1636

Reason for Founding: Religious freedom

 

 

Connecticut

Founder: Thomas Hooker

Founding Year: 1636

Reason for Founding: Religious and economic freedom